Capital Gains and Losses – 10 Helpful Facts to Know

 

tax-credits

Capital Gains and Losses – 10 Helpful Facts to Know

When a person sells a capital asset, the sale normally results in a capital gain or loss. A capital asset includes inherited property or property someone owns for personal use or as an investment.

Here are 10 facts that taxpayers should know about capital gains and losses:

  • Net Investment Income Tax. Taxpayers must include all capital gains in their income. Capital gains may be subject to the Net Investment Income Tax if the taxpayer’s income is above certain amounts. The rate of this tax is 3.8 percent. For details, visit IRS.gov.
  • Gains and Losses. A capital gain or loss is the difference between the basis and the amount the seller gets when they sell an asset. The basis is usually what the seller paid for the asset. For details about inherited property, see IRS Publication 544, IRS Publication 550 and IRS Publication 551.
  • Capital Assets. Capital assets include property such as a home or a car. It also includes investment property, like stocks and bonds.
  • Deductible Losses. Taxpayers can deduct capital losses on the sale of investment property but can’t deduct losses on the sale of property they hold for their personal use.
  • Limit on Losses. If a taxpayer’s capital losses are more than their capital gains, they can deduct the difference as a loss on their tax return. This loss is limited to $3,000 per year, or $1,500 if married and filing a separate return.
  • Carryover Losses. If a taxpayer’s total net capital loss is more than the limit they can deduct, they can carry it over to next year’s tax return.
  • Long and Short Term. Capital gains and losses are either long-term or short-term. It depends on how long the taxpayer holds the property. If the taxpayer holds it for one year or less, the gain or loss is short-term.
  • Net Capital Gain. If a taxpayer’s long-term gains are more than their long-term losses, the difference between the two is a net long-term capital gain. If the net long-term capital gain is more than the net short-term capital loss, the taxpayer has a net capital gain.
  • Tax Rate. The tax rate on a net capital gain usually depends on the taxpayer’s income. The maximum tax rate on a net capital gain is 20 percent. However, for most taxpayers a zero or 15 percent rate will apply. A 25 or 28 percent tax rate can also apply to certain types of net capital gain.
  • Forms to File. Taxpayers often will need to file Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets. Taxpayers also need to file Schedule D, Capital Gains and Losses, with their tax return.

For more on this topic, see Schedule D instructions. Taxpayers can visit IRS.gov to get tax forms and documents anytime.

All taxpayers should keep a copy of their tax return. Beginning in 2017, taxpayers using a software product for the first time may need their Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) amount from their prior-year tax return to verify their identity. Taxpayers can learn more about how to verify their identity and electronically sign tax returns at Validating Your Electronically Filed Tax Return.

 

About
“If you can't figure it out, figure out a "work-around!" The NestEggg Group was founded with a firm belief that working exclusively with professional firms to help them see past their history into the potential of their futures. Your potential is limited only by your creativity. Jeff's business purpose— “why”—centers on changing results through viewing things in new ways. He expounds: “Changing our results requires changing our actions. Because what we do proves what we believe, only when we change our beliefs can we progress. New insights are what cause us to shift our beliefs.” So what results do you want to attain? Call Jeffrey (1-888-987-NEST) when it’s time for progress. About Robert "Jeffrey" Wolter, President The NestEggg Group, Inc & EgggsAct Tax, Inc. & Managing Member NestEggg Investment Advisors Jeffrey is a common sense and productivity strategist. He facilitates and teaches about growth, positioning, and pricing strategies; leadership; operations; business communications and philanthropy. What he does best—differently from others—is energize people while he shows them how to solve business effectiveness. He clarifies the intricate, huts new light. He encourages hope. He sets you up to make development possible. Jeffrey is recognized for his original ideas and success with practical implementation, even as he challenges the "norm". Jeffery is a skilled facilitator. His deep knowledge of his firm(s) operations and ability to understand the intricacies of All of his clients, gives way to sharp observation skills allow his grasp a firm’s nuances quickly. He then guides firm owners and their teams on their unique paths toward improved profitability, smoother operations, stronger cultures and how and when to give back. Since 1998, he's helped more than 5,024 QuickBooks users and business owners achieve results such as: expanding revenues, attracting and inspiring talent, aligning operations with long-term objectives, discovering and leveraging their differentiation, substantially increasing sales and proposal results, strengthening relationships with their clients, and finding more joy in their work. His 25+ year career background includes roles as entrepreneur, finance director, board of director for several nonprofit, creative business development, insurances agency owner, Wealth Management Firm owner, editor, Tax Specialist, Accounting Director, Mediator and more. Before creating his firm in 2007, Jeffrey was an accountant for several well know local firms and individuals. After building a successful accounting practice, he became intrigued and inspired by the uniqueness of how Insurance, Investment's/Wealth Management, Taxes and Accounting/Bookkeeping all tend to work together, he branched out and created his list of Affiliate Companies in 2012 & 2013 In 2013, joined the Intuit Accountants Council and has assisted in the continued enhancement of the popular QuickBooks (Desktop and Online versions) and did so until late 2015. In 2014 with the legalization of Marijuana, Jeff and his team have committed themselves to knowing as much about the industry and being there to offer Cannabis Compliant, Accounting, Tax & Insurance to business owners that have or need help in keeping in with the Federal government's "280E"
Contact Us

Send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.

Not readable? Change text.